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Advantages and Disadvantages of various forms of Test Questions

Advantages and Disadvantages of various forms of Test Questions

It’s good to regularly review the advantages and disadvantages of the very widely used test questions and the test banks that now frequently provide them.

Multiple-choice questions

  • Quick and easy to score, by hand or electronically
  • Can be written in order that they test a range that is wide of thinking skills
  • Can cover a lot of content areas on a exam that is single nevertheless be answered in a class period
  • Often test skills that are literacy “if the student reads the question carefully, the clear answer is simple to acknowledge even when the student knows little in regards to the subject” (p. 194)
  • Provide students that are unprepared chance to guess, in accordance with guesses which can be right, they get credit for things they don’t know
  • Expose students to misinformation that may influence subsequent thinking about the content
  • Devote some time and skill to construct (especially good questions)

True-false questions

  • Quick and easy to score
  • Regarded as being “one of the most unreliable kinds of assessment” (p. 195)
  • Often written making sure that the majority of the statement is true save one small, often trivial bit of information that then helps make the statement that is whole
  • Encourage guessing, and reward for correct guesses

Short-answer questions

  • Fast and simple to grade
  • Quick and easy to write
  • Encourage students to memorize terms and details, to make certain that their understanding of this content remains superficial
  • Offer students a way to demonstrate knowledge, skills, and abilities in lots of ways
  • Can be used to develop student writing skills, particularly the power to formulate arguments supported with evidence and reasoning
  • Require extensive time for you to grade
  • Encourage usage of subjective criteria when answers that are assessing
  • If found in class, necessitate quick composition without time for planning or revision, which can end up in poor-quality writing

Questions supplied by test banks

  • Save instructors the right hard work associated with writing test questions
  • Make use of the terms and methods which can be utilized in the book
  • Rarely involve analysis, synthesis, application, or evaluation (cross-discipline research documents that approximately 85 percent for the questions in test banks test recall)
  • Limit the scope of the exam to text content; if used extensively, may lead students to close out that the materials covered in class is unimportant and irrelevant

We have a tendency best essay writing service to genuinely believe that these are the test that is only options, but there are interesting variations. The content that promoted this review proposes one: focus on a concern, and revise it until it can be answered with one word or a phrase that is short. Do not list any answer alternatives for that single question, but put on the exam an alphabetized list of answers. Students select answers from that list. A number of the answers provided may be used over and over again, some may possibly not be used, and there are more answers listed than questions. It’s a ratcheted-up version of matching. The test is made by the approach more challenging and decreases the chance of having an answer correct by guessing.

Remember, students do must be introduced to your new or altered question format on an exam before they encounter it.

Editor’s note: the menu of pros and cons will come in part through the article referenced here. It cites research evidence highly relevant to some of those benefits and drawbacks.

Reference: McAllister, D., and Guidice, R.M. (2012). This will be only a test: A machine-graded improvement towards the multiple-choice and examination that is true-false. Teaching in advanced schooling, 17 (2), 193-207.

Reprinted from The Teaching Professor, 28.3 (2014): 8. © Magna Publications. All rights reserved.

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